As it turns out, there’s a big clue to what’s really going on in Genesis 1, and it’s been obscured in the traditional translation of a certain word (qavah) in Genesis 1:9. Here’s the passage below in various translations. Note the widespread agreement as to how it should be translated, and then after these passages, I’ll show you how the word is translated quite differently from this in every one of the other 48 times it appears in the Old Testament! :
And God said, “Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so.
Continue reading Let the Waters Wait
This is a discussion of a verse, the wording of which has always bothered me. So I decided to look into it, and discovered a good deal of very useful, enlightening, and intriguing information that seems to be consistent with my Limited Raqia/Firmament Theory. Here’s the verse:
Genesis 1:9 And God said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear.” And it was so. (ESV)
The Hebrew here is this: one ( ‘echad אֶחָד ) place (maqowm מָקוֹם ). The word for “one” is not remarkable, so far as I understand it. But the word for “place” deserves attention. Continue reading Waters Gathered “In One Place”
Here are various passages from the Ancient Near East literature, starting with those from the Bible, that regard, or may regard, the “circle of the earth”.
I will comment on them later, as time allows, but for now, let me say that this is the model I currently have in mind:
Yahweh, at the Genesis 1 “creation” created some manner of boundary to cordon off a portion of Planet Earth for a special and extended work. This is called “the circle of the earth”, for it bounded that “dry land”—which may not be a literal reference, but a figurative one, referring to a place devoid of smothering “waters”. From this boundary, those “waters” were commanded to keep back. This “circle of the earth” is the same circle as was drawn “on the face of the deep” and “on the face of the waters”. It may also have been called:
- the “circle of the firmament” (2 Enoch 21:7),
- the “circle of the seas” (War Scroll),
- “His appointment circle” (1 Clement 20:3)
- the “circle of the stars” (Wisdom of Solomon 13:2 and Assumption of Moses 10)
Continue reading The Circle of the Earth